Have you ever thought of the vista of the future when people use bamboo for manufacturing anything around you? Do you think it’s possible or not? As far as I’m concerned, bamboo is the material of the future.
Are you ready to find out the reason why bamboo is regarded as the material of the future? That’s good because I’m going to present some theoretical points to prove this perspective.
Common materials nowadays are not sustainable.
Plastic and steel are considered as two most popular materials in today’s modern world. Nevertheless, both of them have many harmful effects on the environment, and it makes them unsustainable.
Plastic is made from fossil fuels and was only invented more than a century ago. During World War II, the polymer manufacturing industry developed rapidly. In 2015, more than 320 million tons of polymers, excluding fibers, were produced globally.
Humans have produced more than 8 billion tons of plastic since the 1950s. Only about 10% of that has been recycled. All of this plastic waste is extremely harmful to the environment, birds, sea creatures, and even humans. Here are 4 harmful effects of plastic you should know.
Plastic is bad for the environment
Until the past five years, polymer product designers often didn't consider what would happen after the end of their initial product life cycle. This is starting to change, and this will require increasing concentration in the coming years as environmental problems are becoming increasingly alarming.
Plastics contain a variety of chemicals that are difficult to decompose and threaten the marine environment and living organisms. Plastic factories emit a significant amount of greenhouse gases and carbon dioxide. As a result of a dramatic increase in atmospheric warming, many species' ecosystems will be altered, causing their numbers to decrease.
Another truth is that most plastics emit harmful contaminants into the atmosphere, and burning plastic emits toxic fumes into the atmosphere.
Plastic waste buried in the ground has an impact on plant root growth. Plastic or plastic bags take more than 500 years to decompose in the soil since most microorganisms cannot deteriorate them. Furthermore, these toxins will leak into the soil, river and brooks, contaminating it and preventing plants from growing.
The effects of plastic on the human health
These toxic chemicals in the plastic can conflict with hormones in the human body, which are the leading cause of many genetic diseases, some tumors, congenital disabilities, and cancer.
These chemicals exposures are incredibly harmful, triggering food poisoning and complex health issues, including an increased risk of infertility and cancer, hormonal imbalances in muscle, nervous system disorders, and mental imbalance.
Stop heating food in the microwave with plastic containers, particularly if it contains grease because this can lead to food poisoning.
The effects of plastic on wildlife
Sunlight, waves, wind, and heat have broken plastic into tiny particles that are usually less than 1/5 inch in size. These so-called microplastics disperse across the water column. They can be found everywhere on the planet, from Mount Everest to the deepest Marine trench, from the municipal drinking water systems to the drifting through the air.
Our primary food source does not seem to be under threat, as far as we know. However, enough research has been conducted to demonstrate that the fish and shellfish we enjoy are suffering due to the omnipresence of this plastic.
Microplastics have been shown in experiments to be harmful to sea creatures and turtles and birds. They slow growth and reproduction by suppressing the digestive tract, decreasing appetite, and altering feeding behavior.
About 100,000 species, including dolphins, penguins, and turtle whales, are killed each year by plastic bags. Many animals accidentally ingest plastic bags, but the problem doesn't stop there because when they die, their carcasses decompose, but the plastic doesn't, and it kills another victim.
The effects of plastic on the economy
Plastics come in a variety of forms, some of which are petroleum-based. Since the industry requires more than 12 million barrels of oil, the price of plastic rises sharply as gasoline prices rise.
As a result, scientists attempted to find alternative materials for petroleum, proposing the use of oil shale and tar, both of which are still costly. However, all of this comes at a high cost since alternatives must be sought.
Do you know 3.5 million tons of steel are being produced every single day? Every three minutes, humans have enough steel to build one Eiffel Tower. In one year, that number equates to 180,000. They can go from Paris to New York three and a half times.
Iron mined from the Earth is the primary element in the manufacture of steel. Iron ore is the world's third most-produced commodity by amount, behind only crude oil and coal, and the world's second most traded commodity, trailing only crude oil.
There are many environmental consequences of the steel industry that you might not be aware of.
The steel industry is the most energy-consuming industry
Steel production is the world's most energy-intensive and CO2-emitting manufacturing operation.
Per ton of steel made, approximately 20 gigatonnes of energy are required. Burning coals provides three-quarters of the energy.
Steel production is highly polluting
Steel production necessitates significant inputs of coke (a form of coal), extremely harmful to the environment. Coca-Cola ovens emit poisonous air pollutants such as naphthalene, which can cause cancer.
The wastewater generated by the coking process is highly toxic and contains many carcinogenic organic compounds, including cyanide, sulfides, ammonium, and ammonia.
Greenhouse gas emissions from steel production
Coal manufacturing emits 1.83 tons of CO2 for every ton of steel made, making it a significant contributor to global warming, accounting for over 3,3 million tons of CO2 emissions annually.