Updated: Jun 1, 2021
Bamboo is a hardy, fast-growing plant that is specifically well placed to those worldwide climate zones that are host to a large proportion of developing economies. It is a versatile, robust, renewable, and eco-friendly material. It is a grass family member, Gramineae, and the fastest growing plant on planet earth.
Most bamboo species grow up mature fiber in almost three years than any other hardwood plant species. Some species of bamboo family can grow up to one meter in a day, with many reaching a culm length of 25 meters or more.
Bamboo can be grown faster and in a simple way and harvested within three to five years without pesticides and fertilizers. That is why bamboo is a promising material for the future. It is expected that soon the world will witness more bamboo participation in the architect and creation of simple yet aesthetically magnificent buildings, encouraging healing of the environment to some extent.
Due to its many net worth features, researchers have discovered the use of bamboo as a structural material and a viable alternative to steel reinforcement.
Steel is commonly used as a reinforcing material in concrete. The steel manufacturing process is an extremely expensive but wealthy business and its utilization in concrete as reinforcing material higher the price of construction by many folds. Also, the production of steel emits lots of greenhouse gases, causing considerable deterioration of the environment. It is here that engineered bamboo can be of great value to civil engineers owing to its several net-worthy features. Production of every tone of bamboo consumes about a tone of atmospheric carbon dioxide and releasing fresh oxygen.
In most developing countries, they have the highest demand for steel-reinforced concrete but often do not have the means to produce steel to meet the demand. Instead of placing themselves at the unpromising market invaded by developed countries, Singapore's Future Cities Laboratory suggests an alternative to steel reinforcement: bamboo. Many sustainable and unique resilient can be a perfect replacement where steel cannot be quickly produced.
When testing tensile strength, bamboo functions better than other different materials, reinforcement steel included. Its hollow, tabular structure achieved this strength and evolved over millennia to resist wind forces in its natural habitat. The bamboo structure is light in weight also harvesting and transportation easier.